The introduction to the series of articles outlines the main aim and topic of the book, which is to engage in a critical discussion on the notion of peace and peacebuilding and to demystify the liberal-democratic notion of peacebuilding and its potentially hegemonic and oppressive outcomes with regards to local actors and their agency. The claim of the authors is that liberal peacebuilding with its insistence on job creation, education, welfare, identity and culture not only reproduces on territories that might not be suited for it for historical and/or cultural reasons the Westphalian model, but by doing so risks exacerbating conflicts instead of solving them. According to them, liberal peace is built on 5 major elements: security, democracy, rule of law, development and administration techniques of governance. Nevertheless, within the territory different elements might be present, various forms of power, resistance and agency so that the peacebuilding attempts are a hybrid created by the encounter of international intervention and local practices. The paper and the book all together are relevant for a critical understanding of the narrative underpinning the Oslo agreement and the laying out of the Palestinian State-to-be. The heavy presence of international organisation, inspired by notions of peace and local underpinning models of civil society with western veneer, throughout the Peace Process had a big impact in usurping local forms of politics and agency not compliant with secular practices and transforming Palestinian civil society.
Final Review Date:
Saturday, April 17, 2021
Hybrid Forms of Peace: From Everyday Agency to Post-Liberalism