A Palestinian political analyst and director of Abu Lughod Institute for International Studies at Birzeit University. He worked in government as a special adviser to the Prime Minister Salam Fayyad and supervised the preparation of the Palestinian Reform and Development Plan 2008-10 (PRDP). He was General Director of the Palestinian Independent Center for Citizens’ Rights from 1997 to 2000, and worked as Secretary General and Executive Director of the Central Elections’ Commission from 2002 to 2004. and he is a former minister of the Palestinian Authority.